Although it might seem like all home cooling systems perform the same basic functions, different types of AC equipment are designed to do vastly different things. Some of these systems cool down the indoor air while extracting excess moisture. Others, however, actually use existing moisture in the air to assist with the cooling process. If you have ever wondered about swamp coolers vs modern air conditioning, following is everything you need to know.

Modern air conditioning systems come in one of three main designs. People can have basic window units that are vented to the outside. They can also have mini-split systems that have separate controls in each room. This way, different zones throughout the home can be kept at varying temperatures so that the system is not wasting energy to cool down rooms that are not being used.

The most popular type of AC system, however, is the central system. This is controlled by a main unit or thermostat that is usually situated in a visible area in the middle of the abode. The thermostat can be set to a specific temperature and then the cooling equipment will work to ensure that each are of the property reaches the desired setting.

One thing that sets central and multi-split systems apart is the duct work. With a mini-split system, every room that has a system control will also have its own separate unit. There is no need to install duct work or maintain it. This type of equipment is generally ideal for family homes that do not have their own in-built ducting systems. It limits the installation costs and gives users greater control.

Window systems lack ductwork and they are not as adept in cooling down entire properties. In fact, these are the least efficient of the three, however, they are also the cheapest. If homeowners have a very small amount of space to cool down and very modest overall cooling requirements, a unit such as this one can suffice. Central, mini-split and window units all have one thing in common. This is their ability to extract excess moisture from the indoor air. By doing so, they are able to regulate both indoor temperatures and inside humidity.

Swamp coolers are different. These units actually use existing humidity to create a cooler space. They blow out cold air that is mixed with a fine mist. This mist comes from moisture that has been extracted from outside. For obvious reasons, swamp cooler could not be used in a hot dry area, such as in a desert biome. There would not be enough moisture for the unit to work effectively.

When it comes to creating comfortable indoor temperatures, these are actually the least effective of all the options. While they do provide some relief, they generally result in a very muggy environment. While they offer some improvement from the heat outside, this isn’t really significant. Moreover, excess moisture in the home can eventually lead to mold and mildew growth.

High humidity makes people feel hotter and a bit more uncomfortable than if rooms were merely hot. Due to this fact, even the most inefficient air conditioner is often a better choice than a swamp cooler. Swamp coolers, however, tend to be quite cheap and this makes them popular in regions that have moist, humid climates.

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